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Prevalence of psychosomatic symptoms among school going children

Sundari Apte*, Tapati Bhattacharjee

Abstract


Psychosomatic symptoms are the physical symptoms that are exhibited by the child or exacerbated by psychological factors; the underlying cause may be stressors in the environment that may be of emotional or social origin. The main objectives of the study is to assess the prevalence of psychosomatic symptoms among school going children in the age group of 6 to 10 Yrs and to find an association between the psychosomatic symptoms and selected background variables A non-experimental explorative descriptive research design was used. The 100 subject were selected by Non- probability convenient sampling technique from selected homes of community areas of western Pune. Modified Rutter’s scale B was used for the psychosomatic symptoms. Maximum students (76%) showed symptoms of irritability and one percent of subject had constipation, soiling of clothes, hearing and vision problems. The mean value was 5.42 and the standard deviation was 2.226. On association of psycho somatic symptoms with selected demographic variables, significant relation was seen with the education of parents with p-value 0.015. Correlation between the psychosomatic symptoms and its coping strategies showed a correlation (0.48) using Kruskal Wallis H test. Based on these findings an instructional sheet was prepared for the parents, which mainly dealt with the concept of spending valuable time with children.

Keywords


psychosomatic symptoms; irritability; constipation; coping strategies



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2016.03.005

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