Cover Image

Plasmodium sp. infection among the people of Suleja, Niger State, Nigeria.

Mogba Emmanuel O., Olanrewaju Comfort A.*, Malann Yoila D.

Abstract


Malaria infection is a major public health problem in the sub-Sahara Africa. A study on the status of malaria parasite infection was carried out on patients visiting the Government General Hospital and Citizen Hospital (a private hospital) in Suleja Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria from the month of January to April, 2014. A total of 500 persons were examined, 250 persons from each of the two hospitals and grouped according to their ages, zones, occupation and sexes. The private hospital recorded the highest infection rate of 75.2% while the government hospital recorded a lower rate (41.6%) and the overall prevalence of the study was 58.4%. Madalla zone which is nearer to the centre of the town recorded the highest rate (97.5%), age group 0-10 years had the highest infection rate of 66.9%. Among the different occupations examined in this study, students had the highest prevalence of 79.7%. However, there were no significant differences in the rate of infections in these categories (P>0.05). In relation to sex, females were more infected (62.8%) than the males (53.1%) with a significant difference (P< 0.05). It is suggested that health education on the transmission, prevention and control of Plasmodium infection in schools, market and public places should be intensified.


Keywords


Health education; Infection; Malaria parasite; Prevalence; Suleja.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Eze Evelyn, Ezeiruaku F, Ukaji, D. “Experiential relationship between malaria parasite density and some haematological parameters in malaria infected male subjects in Port Harcourt, Nigeria”. Global Journal of Health Sciences 4, 4 (2012): 139-148

Ike IM. “Malaria incidence in abakaliki and effects on socio-economic development of the area”. The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, Book of Abstract: 12: (2000).

Kalu Mong, Nwogo Obasi, Nduka Florence and Christian Glory. “A Comparative study of the prevalence of Malaria in Aba an Umuahia Urban Areas of Abia State, Nigeria”. Research Journal of Parasitology, 7 (2012): 17 – 24.

Lesi Folusho and Adenuga Adegboluga. “Malaria in childhood. An overview”. Nigerian Journal of General Practice, 1(1996): 9-12

Mbanugo JI and Ejims DO. “Plasmodium infection in children aged 0-5 years in awka metropolis, Anambra State”. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology 21(2000): 55-59.

Ozumba Nwora and Ozumba Uchenna. “Some local beliefs on the cause of malaria in three rural areas of Enugu State, Souh- East Nigeria”. The Nigerian Journal of Pararsitology 25 (2004): 45-49.

Ukpai Onyinye and Ajoku Ernest.. The prevelence of malaria in Okigwe and Owerri areas of Imo State. The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology 22, 1&2 (2001): 43-48.

UNICEF. Rolling back malaria goals. A United Nation Children’s Fund document. (2000). P16.

WHO. Basic laboratory methods in medical parasitology. Laboratory manuals. World Health Organization, Geneva. (1991) P 61.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2016.03.008

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Bioassays

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Bioassays is a member of the Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA), CROSSREF and CROSSMARK (USA). Digital Object Identifier (DOI) will be assigned to all its published content.