Cover Image

A case for systematic study and development of Taro varieties in India.

Arindam Sikdar, Payel Dey, Sambhasan Banerjee, Urmita Garai, Shashank Kumar Kumar, Naveen Tripathi*


In Eastern and Southern parts of India locals consume several species of taros, crops that can be a big source of starch. In contrast to wheat, rice, maize, and potato etc. the major sources of edible carbohydrates, development of taro as a crop, despite similar potential has been neglected. Even in contrast to yam, which has been touted as super-crop, research on taro is very scanty in India. Not just the corms of taro plants but various other parts are consumed in eastern and southern India. Some species can be found growing extensively in the wild and near road side and this crop provides subsistence especially to the poorer sections of society. We conducted a qualitative survey of varieties of taro in Nadia District, West Bengal to assess the need of development of taro varieties in India. 


Araceae; Survey; Taro (Kochu); Edible.

Full Text:



Masalkar, S. D., & Keskar, B. G. (1998). Other Roots, Tubers, and Rhizomes. Food Science and Technology-New York-Marcel Dekker-, 141-170

ERLINAWATI, I. (2014). The Diversity of Terrestrial Araceae in Mt. Watuwila Complex, South-East of Sulawesi. Journal of Biological Researches, 15(2).

Ladizinsky, G. (2012). Plant evolution under domestication. Springer Science & Business Media.

Friis, E. M., Pedersen, K. R., & Crane, P. R. (2005). When Earth started blooming: insights from the fossil record. Current opinion in plant biology, 8(1), 5-12.

Standley, P. C. (1937). Flora of Costa Rica. Part I. Flora de Costa Rica. Parte I. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Botanical Series., 18, 401-408.

Mansion, G., Rosenbaum, G., Schoenenberger, N., Bacchetta, G., Rosselló, J. A., & Conti, E. (2008). Phylogenetic analysis informed by geological history supports multiple, sequential invasions of the Mediterranean Basin by the angiosperm family Araceae. Systematic Biology, 57(2), 269-285.

Wigboldus, J. S. (1994). The spread of crops into sub-equatorial Africa during the Early Iron Age: a ‘minimalist’view based primarily on documentary evidence from the Indian Ocean side. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 29(1), 121-129.

Patil, S. H., Sreenivas, S. A., Deshmukh, P. V., Srikanth, M., Choudhury, A., & Wagh, A. E. (2012). Antidiabetic & hypolipidemic potential of Alocasia indica Schott. Leaves in Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. International Journal of Drug Development & Research, 4, 368-374.

Sunell, L. A., & Healey, P. L. (1985). Distribution of calcium oxalate crystal idioblasts in leaves of taro (Colocasia esculenta). American Journal of Botany, 1854-1860.

Matthews, P. J. (2010). An introduction to the history of taro as a food. The Global Diversity of Taro, 6.

Abrol, D. P. (2012). Biochemical Basis of Plant-Pollination Interaction. InPollination Biology (pp. 413-458). Springer Netherlands.

Wang, W., Haberer, G., Gundlach, H., Gläßer, C., Nussbaumer, T. C. L. M., Luo, M. C., ... & Messing, J. (2014). The Spirodela polyrhiza genome reveals insights into its neotenous reduction fast growth and aquatic lifestyle. Nature Communications, 5.

Lughadha, E. N., & Miller, C. (2009). Accelerating global access to plant diversity information. Trends in plant science, 14(11), 622-628.

Englberger, L., Aalbersberg, W., Ravi, P., Bonnin, E., Marks, G. C., Fitzgerald, M. H., & Elymore, J. (2003). Further analyses on Micronesian banana, taro, breadfruit and other foods for provitamin A carotenoids and minerals. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 16(2), 219-236.

Mulla, W. A., Kuchekar, S. B., Thorat, V. S., Chopade, A. R., & Kuchekar, B. S. (2010). Antioxidant, Antinociceptive Anti-inflammatory Activities of Ethanolic Extract of Leaves of Alocasia indica (Schott.). Journal of Young Pharmacists,2(2), 137-143.

Singh, J., Kamboj, S. S., Sandhu, R. S., Shangary, S., & Kamboj, K. K. (1993). Purification and characterization of a tuber lectin from Alocasia indica. Phytochemistry, 33(5), 979-983.

Hurkadale, P. J., Shelar, P. A., Palled, S. G., Mandavkar, Y. D., & Khedkar, A. S. (2012). Hepatoprotective activity of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius tubers against paracetamol-induced liver damage in rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(1), S238-S242.

Duangmal, K., & Apenten, R. K. O. (1999). A comparative study of polyphenoloxidases from taro (Colocasia esculenta) and potato (Solanum tuberosum var. Romano). Food Chemistry, 64(3), 351-359.

Plucknett, D. L., De la Pena, R. S., & Obrero, F. (1970). Taro (Colocasia esculenta). In Field Crop Abstracts (Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 413-26).

Srivastava, P., & Banerji, B. K. (2012). Gender biasing in Arisaema–a unique and rare phenomenon. CURRENT SCIENCE, 102(2), 189.

Tetali, P., Punekar, S. A., & Lakshminarasimhan, P. (2004). A new variety of Arisaema (Araceae) from Western Ghats of India. Kew Bulletin, 483-487.

Reddy, M. B., Reddy, K. R., & Reddy, M. N. (1989). A survey of plant crude drugs of Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Pharmaceutical Biology,27(3), 145-155.

Khyade, M. S., Kolhe, S. R., & Deshmukh, B. S. (2009). Wild Edible Plants Used by the Tribes of Akole Tahasil of Ahmednagar District (Ms), India. Ethnobotanical leaflets, 2009(10), 12.

Maley, J. (1996). The African rain forest–main characteristics of changes in vegetation and climate from the Upper Cretaceous to the Quaternary. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section B. Biological Sciences, 104, 31-73.

Casagrande, R. A. (1985). The “Iowa” potato beetle, its discovery and spread to potatoes. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America, 31(2), 27-29.

Correll, D. S. (1962). The potato and its wild relatives. The potato and its wild relatives.

Jadhav, V. D., Mahadkar, S. D., & Valvi, S. R. (2012). Documentation and ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants from Kolhapur district. Recent research in Science and Technology, 3(12).

Sen, S., Chakraborty, R., De, B., & Devanna, N. (2011). An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by ethnic people in West and South district of Tripura, India. Journal of Forestry Research, 22(3), 417-426.

Ganesan, S., Suresh, N., & Kesavan, L. (2004). Ethnomedicinal survey of lower Palni hills of Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 3(3), 299-304.

Nawaz, A. H. M. M., Hossain, M., Karim, M., Khan, M., Jahan, R., & Rahmatullah, M. (2009). An ethnobotanical survey of Jessore district in Khulna division, Bangladesh. American Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture,3(2), 238-243.

Deka, M., & Sarma, G. C. (2011). Traditional use of fertility inducing plants used by the herbal practitioners in some parts of the state Assam, N E India, a survey report. Int. J. Sci. Adv. Technol, 1(6), 133.

Nawaz, A. H. M. M., Hossain, M., Karim, M., Khan, M., Jahan, R., & Rahmatullah, M. (2009). An ethnobotanical survey of Rajshahi district in Rajshahi division, Bangladesh. American Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 3(2), 143-150.

Khan, A., Rahman, M., & Islam, M. S. (2008). Antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activities of amblyone isolated from Amorphophallus campanulatus. Indian journal of pharmacology, 40(1), 41.

Khan, A., Rahman, M., & Islam, M. S. (2008). Antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic activities of amblyone isolated from Amorphophallus campanulatus. Indian journal of pharmacology, 40(1), 41.

Ghani, A. (1998). Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh (Asiatic Society of Bangladesh) pp 122.

Hue, N. T. N. (2000). Taro diversity and use in Vietnam. Ethnobotany and genetic diversity of Asian tar diversity of Asian taro: focus on China, 12.

Croat, T. B. (1998). History and current status of systematic research with Araceae. Aroideana, 21, 26-145.

Ekanem, A. M., & Osuji, J. O. (2006). Mitotic index studies on edible cocoyams (Xanthosoma and Colocasia spp.). African journal of biotechnology,5(10).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Bioassays

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Bioassays is a member of the Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA), CROSSREF and CROSSMARK (USA). Digital Object Identifier (DOI) will be assigned to all its published content.