Cover Image

Limnological characteristics of ponds for improvement of livelihood of fishermen through aquaculture

Sasmita Panda*, G. K. Panigrahi, S. N. Padhi


Water quality analysis was carried out in 3 ponds in three separate villages in Khurda district in order to prepare the ponds for aquaculture. The physico-chemical parameters chosen for study were, Rain fall, Relative humidity, Atmospheric temperature, Total alkalinity, Specific conductivity, dissolved organic matter, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Ammonia nitrogen, of water as shown in tables & Figs I to VIII. After analysis, the villagers have been trained to prepare the ponds for aquaculture following standard guidelines empowering the local population with the techniques to enable them to earn their livelihood.


Aquaculture; chemical; physical; parameters; ponds; villagers

Full Text:



Adeniji, H.A. and S.I. Ovie. “Study and appraisal for the water quality of the Ase Oli and Niger Rivers.” NIFFER Annual Report (1982): 15-20. Print.

“Standard methods for examination for water and waste water.”American Public Health Association. Washington DC.17th Edition. Print.

Baliarsingh, B.K., Kosygin, Laishram and S.D. Rout. “Fish Diversity and Physico-chemical Characteristics of Rivers of Ganjam district, Odisha.” Biological Forum 6.1 (2014): 13-18. Print.

Boyd, C.E. “Water quality in ponds for aquaculture. Albama agricultural experiment station, Auburn University Ala.” (1990). Print.

Boyd, C.E. and W.W. Walley. “Total alkalinity and hardness of surface waters in Alabama and Mississippi.” Auburn, AL. Auburn University/Alabama Agricultural Experimental Station.Bulletin 465 (1975). Print.

Gupta, S.K. and P.C. Gupta. “General and applied technology (Fish and Fisheries) S. Chand and Company, New Delhi. (2006). Print.

Hemasundaram, A. K, B. Dhanalakshmi, B. Prasad and N.V.S. Naidu. “Assessment of water quality with regard to surfactants in pilgrim town- a case study of Tirupati.” Ultr. Scient. Phyl. Sci. 15.2 (2003): 189-194. Print.

Jhingram, V.G. “Fish and fisheries of India.” Hindustan Publishing corporation, Delhi, India.(1985). Print.

Koning, N. and J.C. Ross. “The continued influence of organic pollution on water quality of the turbid Modder River.” Wat S. Afr. 25.3 (1999): 285-292. Print.

Nikolosky, G.V. “The ecology of fishes.” Academic Press, London, U.K. (1963). Print.

Olopade, daniyi. “Lakes reservoirs and ponds.” 7.1 (2013): 9-19. Print.

Padhi, S.N, S.K. Das, A. Panda and Sasmita Panda. “In Employment through aquaculture.” Nanda Kishore Publication, Bhubaneswar.(2015). Print.

Shivasharanappa and Bettad Prakash. 2013. “Limnological studies related to physico-chemical characteristics of Shri Sharanabasaveshwara Lake water of Gulbarga city.” IJRET. 2.10 (2013): 54-60. Print.

Swingle, H.S. 1967. “Method of analysis of waters, organic matter and pond bottom soils used in fisheries research Auburn University” Alabama Research and Development Series. 22 (1967): 30. Print

Wood, R.B. and G.E. Gibson. 1974. “Eutrophication and Loch Heagen.” Water Res.7 (1974): 163-287. Print

Zweig, R.D, J.D. Morton and M.M. “Source water quality for aquaculture.” A guide for assessment World Bank Report 74 (1999). Print.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Bioassays

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Bioassays is a member of the Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA), CROSSREF and CROSSMARK (USA). Digital Object Identifier (DOI) will be assigned to all its published content.