Cover Image

Diversity of wild edible yams and its traditional knowledge among Munda tribe of district Khunti, Jharkhand, India.

Geetanjali Singh*, Jyoti Kumar

Abstract


Yams are common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (Family-Dioscoreaceae) that forms edible tubers. These are monocotyledonous, perennial, herbaceous vine constituting an important part of the forest flora of district Khunti. The Munda tribe is dominating tribal community of the district. They live in close vicinity of nature. They have indigenous traditional knowledge of identifying and consuming wild edible plants and plant parts as food. This indigenous traditional knowledge is passed on orally from one generation to the other. But due to urbanization, change in the lifestyle, deforestation, unplanned developmental activities etc. the biodiversity and its associated traditional knowledge is declining at a rapid rate. Therefore, it is necessary to document the traditional knowledge of indigenous tribal people before it is been lost. This paper deals with the ethnobotanical study of nine wild edible Dioscorea spp. of the region. 


Keywords


Traditional knowledge; Wild edible; Yams; Dioscorea; Food security; Munda tribe.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Roy SC, The Mundas and Their Country, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1970, SBN 210.33988.8

Singh G, Kumar J, Traditional knowledge on some less known wild edible plants used among Munda tribe of Jharkhand, The Ecoscan, 2012, 6(3&4): 153-155.

Singh G, Kumar J, Studies on indigenous traditional knowledge of some aquatic and marshy wild edible plants used by the Munda tribe of district Khunti, Jharkhand, India, The International Journal of Bioassays, 2013, 3(2): 1738- 1743.

Gupta SP, Native medicinal uses of plants by the Asurs of Netarhat plateau (Bihar), Glimpses of Indian Ethnobotany, Edited by S. K. Jain. Oxford & IBH Piblishing Co., 1981, 218-231.

Tarafdar CR, Chaudhuri RHN, Less known medicinal uses of plants among the tribals of Hazaribagh district of Bihar, Glimpses of Indian Ethnobotany, Edited by S. K. Jain, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., 1981, 208-217.

Hembrom PP, Adivasi-Aushdh (Horopathy), Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, 1994, Part-I-VI.

Mairh AK, Mishra PK, Kumar J, Mairh A, Traditional botanical wisdom of Birhore tribes of Jharkhand, Indian Journal on Traditional Knowledge, 2010, 9 (3): 467-470.

Mondal S, Rahaman CH, Medicinal plants used by the tribal people of Birbhum district of West Bengal and Dumka district of Jharkhand in India, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2012, 11(4): 674-679.

Gupta SP, Tribes of Chotanagpur Plateau: An Ethno-Nutritional and Pharmacological Cross-Section, Bihar Tribal Welfare Research Institute, Ranchi. Government of Bihar, 1974, Chapter VI: 121-165.

Sinha R, Lakra V, Edible weeds of tribals of Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2007 6(1): 217- 222.

Kumar J, Study on little known yam of Jharkhand, Biospectra, 2009, 4(1): 117-118.

Tardio J, Pardo-De-Santayana M, Morales R, Ethnobotanical review of wild edible plants in Spain, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2006, 152: 27-71.

Teklehaymanot T, Giday M, Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants of Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in Lower Omno River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia, Journal of Ethonobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2010, 6: 23.

Lulekal E, Asfaw Z, Kelbessa E, Damme PV, Wild edible plants in Ethopia : a review on their potential to combat food insecurity, Afrika Focus, 2011, 24(2): 71-121.

Kinyuru JN, Konyole SO, Kenji GM, Onyango CA, Owino VO, Owuor BO, Estanibale BB, Friis H, Roos N, Identification of traditional food with public health potential for complementary feeding in Western Kenya, Journal of Food Research, 2012, 1(2): 148-158.

Uprety Y, Poudel RC, Shrestha KK, Rajbhandary S, Tiwari NN, Shrestha UB, Asselin H, Diversity of use and local knowledge of wild edible plant resources in Nepal, Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2012, 8: 16.

Jain SK, Rao RR, A Handbook of Field and Herbarium Methods, Today and Tomorrow’s Publication, New Delhi, 1978.

Rao RR, Hajra PK, Methods of Research in Ethnobotany, A Manual of Ethnobotany (2nd Ed., Editor S.K. Jain) Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, 1995, 28-34.

Mukherjee PK, Techniques for Collection and Preservation of Angiosperms, Department of Botany, Calcutta University, Calcutta, 2001

Rasingam L, Ethnobotanical studies on the wild edible plants of Irula tribes of Pillur valley, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2012, S1493-S1497.

Haines HH, The Botany of Bihar and Orissa. Published under the Authority of the Government of Bihar and Orissa. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India, 1925, Part I-VI.

Saxena HO, Brahmam M, The Flora of Orissa. Regional Research Laboratory, Bhubaneshwar and Orissa, Forest Development Corporation Ltd., Bhubaneshwar, 1994-1996.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2015.10.0021

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Bioassays

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Bioassays is a member of the Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA), CROSSREF and CROSSMARK (USA). Digital Object Identifier (DOI) will be assigned to all its published content.