Phytopharmacological analysis of methanolic-aqua extract (fractions) of senna didymobotrya roots

Anthoney Swamy Thangiah*, Mutuku Chrispus Ngule, Obey Jackie K.


The study was carried to analyze the phytochemical constituents of the Senna didymobotrya roots. The plant samples were extracted using methanol and water in the ratio of 9:1. The crude extract was disintegrated using different solvents according to their polarity. The solvents used were chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and water respectively. All the extracts were subjected to phytochemical study using standard procedures.  From the study the of crude extract of Senna didymobotrya was  found to contain tannins, saponins, terpenoids, flavonoids, phenols, alkaloids, steroidal rings but steroids were found to be absent. The presence of these important phytochemicals in the plant roots is a scientific justification of the use of the plant in the traditional treatment against various diseases affecting humans and animals. However, more research needs to be done to identify the specific compounds, there structural formulas and their medicinal values.


Phytochemicals; Roots; Herbs; Medicine; Senna.

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