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A comparative study of alkaloids of root extract of Melilotus alba (l) and Psoralea corylifolia

Prabhat V. K., Nandjee Kumar*

Abstract


The present communication deals with a comparative study of alkaloids of root extract in two species i.e Melilotus alba L. and Psoralea corylifolia L. Alkaloids are basic nitrogenous secondary plant products possessing heterocyclic compounds as their structural units with a pronounced physiological action. Alkaloids of Melilotus alba L. and Psoralea corylifolia L. may be useful for various diseases like piles, syphilis, gonorrhea, urine flow, menstruation trouble and kidney disorder. Descending paper chromatography on whatman’s paper­­-1 and three solvent system were used, viz. n-butyl acetate, acetic acid –n-butanol–water (85:40:15:22, solvent-1), n-butanol-acetic acid water (4:1:2 solvent-2) and ethanol–ammonia (4:1 solvent-3). Result revealed that six alkaloids viz N-dimethyle, tryptamine, Nb-oxide, hordenine, candicine, β-phenyle thylamine and hypaphorine were detected in both Melilotus alba L. and Psoralea corylifolia L.


Keywords


Melilotus alba L. and Psoralea corylifolia L.; n-butyl acetate; n-butanol; acetic acid; ammonia; ethanol.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2015.04.0011

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