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Phytochemical screening of Catharanthus roseus and Ficus racemosa leaves extracts: a statistical inference

Shohel Hossain, Masum Hossain, Dr. Ziaul-Haque, M. Moyen Uddin P.K.*

Abstract


This study was aimed at conferring the comparative abundances of ten different phytochemicals (alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, sterols, vitamin-C, coumarins, terpenoids, and cardiac glycosides) from leaves of Catharanthus roseus and Ficus racemosa. The color strength or the precipitate formation was used as analytical answers to these tests. Seven phytochemicals viz. alkaloids, polyphenols, tannins, saponins, sterols, terpenoids, and cardiac glycosides in Catharanthus roseus leave {X2 (df); p-value:  6.2 (2); 0.04} whereas saponins in Ficus racemosa leave {X2 (df); p-value: 3.8 (2); 0.15} were also acknowledged as highest concentration category in this study. It is anticipated that the vital phytochemical properties documented in our study in the native medicinal plants of Catharanthus roseus and Ficus racemosa will be beneficial for explanation and groundwork of Pharmacognosy profiling of medicinal plants.

Keywords


Cassava; medicinal plants; statistical inference; phytochemicals

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2015.01.001

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