Drug prescription pattern of outpatients in a tertiary care teaching hospital in central india

Rajendra Gupta*, J. L. Marko

Abstract


A patient based prescription audit was done using cross sectional study design for a period of 3 months on various outpatient departments (OPDs) of Chirayu Medical College & Hospital, Bhopal, MP, India. Total seven hundred fourteen (714) prescriptions were randomly collected and recorded over a ‘prescribing indicator form’. The data was analyzed using WHO ‘prescribing indicators’. Average number of drugs per encounter was 2.35. Encounter with an antibiotic prescribed was 45.66%, with a FDC it was 62.46% and with an injection it was 14.57%. The most common group of drug prescribed was Vitamins and Minerals (31.13%), followed by Analgesics (20.67%), Antiulcer drugs (18.55%), and Antimicrobials (16.89%). Most common drug prescribed was Omeprazole (14.89%) followed by Vitamin B complex (13.54%) and Paracetamol (11.23%)). The most common antibiotic prescribed was Ciprofloxacin (4.08%), followed by Amoxicillin (3.63%) and Metronidazole (2.95%). The prescribing practices in this study are not satisfactory, as suggested by polypharmacy and lack of awareness of essential drugs list. The study was undertaken to give feedback to the prescribers, so as to create awareness about the rational and cost effective use of drugs.

Keywords


Prescription pattern; Outpatients; Tertiary care teaching hospital.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2014.12.003

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