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Qualitative phytochemical screening of leaf extracts of Cissampelos pareira l. In different solvent system

Anupa P. M.*, Vasanthakumari B., Thavasimuthu Citarasu

Abstract


Cissampelos pareira linn.  is a medicinally valuable plant belongs to the Family Menispermaceae. It is a perennial climbing herb/ shrub with small greenish-yellow flower. It is commonly referred to as midwife’s herb and it has been traditionally used to combat women’s ailments such as preventing miscarriages, uterine hemorrhages and also a lacto-stimulator. Leaves are used as an antiseptic against inflammations and can be put on wounds in order to heal sores. The present study is to analyze the phytochemical constituents of leaf extracts of Cissampelos pareira. The leaves were extracted in five different solvents such as Aqueous, Methanol, Ethyl acetate, Acetone and hexane. The preliminary phytochemical screenings of Cissampelos pareira for its phytochemical constituents were performed using generally accepted laboratory techniques. The plant extracts contains major phytochemicals such as alkaloids, flavanoids, coumarines, steroids, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides etc. The present study proves that the solvent extracts of Cissampelos pareira contain medicinally important bioactive compounds and this justifies the plant species as traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases.

Keywords


Cissampelos pareira; phytochemical screening; phytochemicals; bioactive compounds.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2014.10.0014

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