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Preliminary phytochemical and physicochemical analysis of Curculigo orchioides gaertn. Root tubers

K. B. Theng*, A. N. Korpenwar


The present study was included phytochemical and physicochemical analysis of crude drug Curculigo orchioides root tubers. Tuberous roots widely utilized as nutritive tonic for strength, as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, in skin diseases, spermatogenic, aphrodisiac, immuno-stimulant, hepato-protective, anti-asthamatic etc. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of tuberous root was carried out in successive solvent like petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and acetic acid by using soxhlet extractor. The active compounds reported are carbohydrate & glycosides, alkaloids, phenolic compounds and tannin, proteins, amino acid, phytosteroids, saponins, gums and mucilage, etc. Hence present study revealed evaluation of different phytochemical and estimation of its physicochemical parameters such as extractive value, total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and moisture content.


Curculigo orchioides; kali musali; phytochemical analysis; physicochemical parameters.

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