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Bacteriological quality of drinking water in the hospitals of Chikhli town in Buldana district

Garode A. M.*, Kudke M. R., S. M. Waghode

Abstract


Water is one of the important substances on earth. Water is indispensable for life. Total 42 samples were collected from the study area. Six samples were from Government hospital and 36 drinking water samples were collected from six different Private hospitals of Chikhli town in Buldana district. The microbial quality of drinking water samples were assessed by making use of the Multiple Tube Fermentation Technique test (MPN/100 ml), presence of total coliform, faecal coliform and thermo tolerant coliform. Bacterial isolate is identified on the basis of cultural, morphological and biochemical characterization. From this water samples 21% have presumptive bacterial count MPN above the permissible limits for drinking water. Also Salmonella typhi was confirmed in total ten drinking water samples out of the forty two samples. Out of the total forty two samples three samples were thermo tolerant Escherichia coli positive. Totally there was only 5 water source with excellent type, 28 with acceptable, 7 unacceptable and 2 grossly polluted. Out of the total analyzed samples, only 33 had acceptable faecal coliform count (less than 10 MPN per 100 ml of water), 5 sample excellent range. All the excellent type of water samples were collected from private hospital. Environmental assessment of the sample locations revealed that some of the environments were dirty. The results of the bacteriological analysis of drinking water showed that most drinking. The contamination of drinking water sources should be because of the improper sanitation and hygiene, handling processes and leakages in the distribution system. So it increases the threats of the waterborne diseases in the people in that hospitalized area.

Keywords


Coliform; faecal coliform; Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2014.10.004

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