Cloning, sequence analysis and induced expression studies of a chitinase gene m-chitinase from mulberry (morus l.)

Wei Tong, Dongqing Hu, Heng Wang, Longi Li, Yuhua Wang, Yinghua Zhang, Zhaoyue Liu, Rongjun Fang, Weiguo Zhao*


A full-length cDNA sequence coding for Chitinase in mulberry, which we designated M-chitinase (GenBank accession number: HQ117891) was cloned based on mulberry expressed sequence tags (ESTs) isolated from the cDNA library. Its full open reading frame was obtained by RACE and RT-PCR. Sequence analysis showed that the M-chitinase gene is 1392 bp in length and contains a 60 bp 5’-UTR (un translated region) and a 255 bp 3’-UTR. Its open reading frame (ORF) is of 1077 bp long, encoding 358 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 38.52KDa and an isoelectric point of 4.466. Homology analysis revealed that M-chitinase gene in mulberry is highly conservative with other species including N. khasiana, Zea mays and Zea Diploperennis. Phylogenetic analysis based on M-chitinase gene with other 19 species revealed that mulberry shows closer relationship with Nicotiana gossei, Nicotiana tabacum, Capsicum annuum and Arabis blepharophylla. The results of semi quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that the mRNA transcriptional level of M-chitinase in the young leaf was changed significantly under the conditions of signal transduction mechanism underlying the stress response in mulberry.


Chitinase; cDNA library; Mulberry

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