Awareness among young dentists about transmission of h.i.v and preventive measures

Anand Amritraj, Poornima Sawri Rajan, Nandita Shenoy*, Dharnappa Poojary, Siddarth Shetty

Abstract


HIV/AIDS has profoundly affected every aspect of the health sector. Most importantly  doctor’s  attitude  of  avoiding  treatment  of  HIV  patients  is  mainly  due  to  their  apprehensions  caused  by  their  lack  of  understanding of  the disease and  its modes of  transmission. To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of risk of occupational transmission of HIV in a group of dental students. Design-Cross sectional anonymous questionnaire survey of all occupational groups in a large inner city teaching hospital. Overall correct responses were given by most of the respondents. Others either gave wrong responses or answered ‘Not-sure’.  Well known modes of HIV transmission like, blood transfusion, needle stick injuries and question about vertical transmission to newborn were answered correctly by more than 90% of the respondents. Correct responses were very low to query of possibility of spread by saliva [58.2%].  Higher percentage of correct responses by BDS graduates compared to MDS graduates was statistically significant [p>0.05]. These findings highlight the importance of teaching the dental students on various aspects of the disease. Universal Work Precautions  implementation  should  be  emphasized  at  an  early  level  of  their curriculum and reinforced from time to time.

Keywords


HIV/AIDS; Dental Students; Knowledge; Attitude

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2013.04.0013

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