Cover Image

A review on Natural Dye: Gift from bacteria

Annapurna Sahoo*, Panigrahi G.K.

Abstract


Numerous pigments have been isolated from a variety of microorganisms including bacteria, fungi and protozoa. Bacterial pigments are water soluble or insoluble; water soluble pigments are diffused in the growth medium. Chemically, bacterial pigments are pyrrole, phenazine, carotenoid, xanthophylls and quinine or quinone derivatives. Structural information on many of these compounds like quinone which are amphiphilic in nature is an indicative of a strong membrane association potential. So as Food colorants may be classified into synthetic, nature-identical, inorganic, and natural colorants. Most often, the colorants are extracted from plant material, but other sources such as insects, algae, cyanobacteria, and fungi are used as well. A Halophylic bacterium has also been reported of producing different pigments. Synthesis of polymeric pigments is also been extensively studied now a days. The molecular genetic studies of pigment synthesis present vital scope for scaling up industrial importance of useful pigmented bacteria. The main objective of this study is to use pigments from locally isolated coloured bacteria as natural dyes to replace the existing synthetic dye.


Keywords


Carotenoid; Colorants; Dye; Pigment; Gram-positive bacteria; Gram-negative bacteria

Full Text:

PDF

References


Itah A. Y., Essien J. P. "Growth Profile and Hydrocarbonoclastic Potential of Microorganisms Isolated from Tarballs in the Bight of Bonny, Nigeria". World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology (2005): 21: 1317–1322. Print.

J.A. Eisen; Nelson, KE; Paulsen, IT; Heidelberg, JF; Wu, M; Dodson, RJ; Deboy, R; Gwinn, ML et al., "The complete genome sequence of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum". Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA (2002): 99 (14): 9509–9514. Print.

Kodach LL, Bos CL, Durán N, Peppelenbosch MP, Ferreira CV, Hardwick JC. "Violacein synergistically increases 5-fluorouracil cytotoxicity, induces apoptosis and inhibits Akt-mediated signal transduction in human colorectal cancer cells". Carcinogenesis (2006): 27 (3): 508–16. Print.

N.U. Frigaard, et al., "Genetic manipulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum". Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA (2004): 186: 5210–5220.Print.

Neilson AH, Nordlund S. "Regulation of nitrogenase synthesis in intact cells of Rhodospirillum rubrum: inactivation of nitrogen fixation by ammonia, L-glutamine and L-asparagine". J Gen Microbiol (1975): 91 (1): 53–62. Print.

Pope MR, Murrell SA, Ludden PW. "Covalent modification of the iron protein of nitrogenase from Rhodospirillum rubrum by adenosine diphosphoribosylation of a specific arginine residue". Proc Nate Cad Sci U S A (1985): 82 (10): 3173–7. Print.

Postgate, John: "The Outer Reaches of Life". Cambridge University Press (1994): 132-134. Print.

Prescott, Harley, Klein. Microbiology pp. (2005): 195, 493, 597, 618-619, 339. Print.

Selao TT, Nordlund S, Norén A. "Comparative proteomic studies in Rhodospirillum rubrum grown under different nitrogen conditions". J Proteome Res (2008): 7 (8): 3267–75. Print.

Wolfe DM, Zhang Y, and Roberts GP. "Specificity and Regulation of Interaction between the PII and AmtB1 Proteins in Rhodospirillum rubrum". J Bacteriol (2007): 189 (19): 6861–6869. Print.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2016.09.0024

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Bioassays

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Bioassays is a member of the Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA), CROSSREF and CROSSMARK (USA). Digital Object Identifier (DOI) will be assigned to all its published content.