Cover Image

Aquaponics: An innovative approach of symbiotic farming

Panigrahi G. K.*, Sasmita Panda, Surendra Nath Padhi


Aquaponics is a typical bio-integrated system that forms a critical link between the recirculating aquaculture with hydroponic vegetable, flower, and/or herb production. It establishes a type of symbiotic relationship between aquatic animals with that of plants with in a system. Recent advances by researchers all around the globe have curved aquaponics into a working model of sustainable food production. This innovation named aquaponics respects principle of sustainability as well as gives a possibility to increase economical efficiency with an additional productivity. For the improvement of man’s health, we must reconsider the agricultural sciences in such a way that we can develop technologies friendly for the environment.


Aquaponics; Hydroponics; Farming; Agriculture; Technology; Environment; Sustainable; Aquaculture

Full Text:



Diver S, 2006. Aquaponics—Integration of Hydroponics with Aquaculture (Internet). ATTRA - National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. Available from: (2006). Print.

Duong Tan Nhut , Nguyen Hoang Nguyen, Dang Thi Thu Thuy, ″A novel in vitro hydroponic culture system for potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) microtuber production″, Science Direct (2006). Print.

Gordon A Chalmers, ″Aquaponics and Food Safety″, Lethbridge, Alberta (2004). Print.

Hutchinson, W, Jeffrey, M, O’Sullivan, D., Casement, D., Clarke, S., ″ Recirculating Aquaculture Systems: Minimum Standards for Design, Construction and Management. ″, Inland Aquaculture Association of South Australia Inc. (2004). Print.

Jensen, M.H., "Hydroponics.", Hort Science, 32.6 (1997): 1018–1021. Print.

Malcolm, J., ″What is aquaponics?″, Backyard Aquaponics, Issue 1, Summer (2007). Print.

Nichols M, ″Aquaponics: Where One Plus One Equals Three″, Massey University, Palmerston North, New zealand, Maximum Yeld- Indoor gardening, UK January-February (2008). Print.

Pantanella, E., ″Pond aquaponics: new pathways to sustainable integrated aquaculture and agriculture″, Aquaculture News, May (2008). Print.

Rakocy, James E.; Masser, Michael P.; Losordo, Thomas M. Recirculating aquaculture tank production systems: Aquaponics — integrating fish and plant culture (454). Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. (November 2006). Print.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Bioassays

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Bioassays is a member of the Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. (PILA), CROSSREF and CROSSMARK (USA). Digital Object Identifier (DOI) will be assigned to all its published content.