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A cross sectional study on prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among the non-teaching staff of KBNIMS, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India.

Mohin M. Sakre*, Swati I. A., Syed Mustafa Al Hussaini, Sana Nizami

Abstract


High blood pressure is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for CVS diseases. It is an extremely common finding in the community and the risk factor for MI, Stroke, end stage renal disease and peripheral vascular disease. To study the prevalence of Hypertension and its associated risk factors in the non-teaching staff of Khaja Bandanawaz Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburgi. A cross sectional study was conducted on the prevalence of hypertension among the non-teaching staff of Khaja Bandanawaz Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburgi, Karnataka from 26/07/2015 to 20/09/2015. Data was collected regarding their age, sex, smoking and alcohol consumption, smokeless tobacco usage, lifestyle, occupation, type of diet and family history. The age of the non-teaching staff was in the range of 25 to 60 years with 63% males and 37% females. Prevalence of Hypertension was 25%. A majority of 40% belonged to the age group of above 50 years. Maximum prevalence of Hypertension was found among the watchmen (50%). Hypertension was more prevalent among alcohol consumers (83%) followed by smokers (53%), smokeless tobacco users (49%), subjects living a sedentary lifestyle (41%) and study subjects who had a mixed die (27%). A statistically significant association was found between hypertension and smoking, alcohol consumption, life style and smokeless tobacco intake. The prevalence of Hypertension was 25% with many contributing factors. The results show the need for special programs for high risk groups. 

Keywords


Hypertension; Prevalence; Risk factors; Non-Teaching Staff.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21746/ijbio.2016.07.007

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